Wondering whether security guards can arrest you is a common question people have. While guards wear a uniform and certainly hold authority over the premises they’re protecting, it’s less clear how far that authorization can go.

 

The answer to whether security guards can make arrests is, helpfully, both yes and no.

 

Let’s investigate what this means, and what actions security guards can take when a crime is committed under their watch.

 

Can Security Guards Make Arrests?

 

Answer #1: No

 

Ultimately, security guards are not police or peace officers. 

 

Reputable security guards have undergone training and take their job seriously. They understand the responsibilities they hold, as well as the trust their employer and customers place in them. They are often the first point of contact during emergencies and are relied on to keep the premises, and everyone inside, secure.

 

However, at the end of the day, they are considered to be a member of the public. Therefore, as classified by the Criminal Code of Canada, they have the same powers as a member of the public.

 

Answer #2: Yes

 

As established in the first answer, security guards are classified as part of the public. However, this is not to say that the public is unable to make an arrest.

Male Security Guard Talking On Walkie-Talkie

A member of the public, and therefore a security guard, is able to make a citizen’s arrest. This enables someone to arrest a person they find committing a criminal offence. 

 

There are regulations surrounding such an arrest, however:

 

  • The security guard must have directly witnessed the crime being committed
  • The security guard is required to deliver the individual to a peace officer as soon as possible
  • The security guard is only permitted to make a citizen’s arrest over an indictable (often, more serious) offence. Typically, security guards encounter indictable offences due to the nature of their job. An example of this would be theft.

Additionally, security guards are allowed to make an arrest, even if the crime was not committed on their assigned property. The requirement here, as mentioned above, is that they needed to witness the offence.

 

It is important that security guards are well-versed in the rights and restrictions that come with their job. Ultimately, security guards can make arrests in Canada, but understanding the regulations associated with the act is critical.

 

Since 2006, Intercept Security Services (ISS Security) has provided companies in Western Canada with a complete security solution. We have a range of security guard services that companies can use to secure the safety of their establishments. All ISS security guards receive in-class training, specific site training that better prepares them, and are trained to respond to all types of situations. We work to establish long and fruitful client relationships thanks to our beliefs in trust, integrity, straight-forward communication and meeting the needs of our clients. For the best security guard services in Calgary, Edmonton and the whole of Alberta, call our general number on 1-(855)-543-8477 or email us at [email protected].

When it comes to your business, you want to feel confident about its security. You’ve invested time and money into your company building, and you care about your workers, so it’s only natural that you want to ensure the safety of everyone and everything involved.

 

Security guards can be an excellent option to give you that peace of mind, but this service isn’t one-size-fits-all. 

 

Let’s look at the different choices your business has when considering security guards.

 

Five Different Types of Security Guards

 

Uniformed Security Guard

 

Odds are, uniformed security guards are the type you are most familiar with. But you may not know that other than simply being a watchful presence to ease your mind, uniformed guards are often trained to deal with unexpected situations. This can range from fires and floods to theft and vandalism. 

 

If properly trained and qualified, a uniformed security guard can also act as the first line of defence in an emergency.

 

Concierge/Front Desk 

 

These guards are often the first point of contact for those entering your premises. Besides managing access to the building, they are also responsible for maintaining visitor logs, security systems, package deliveries, and customer complaints and concerns. 

 

Concierge and front desk security guards are often the go-to person for visitors and customers, as well as for emergency personnel in the event of a crisis.

 

Parking Enforcement 

 

Businesses are often solely responsible for ensuring there are no parking violations within their property. Effective enforcement is key when needing to maximize parking space and minimize parking lot conflicts.

 

The security guards who hold this mantle are trained to patrol the lot actively and responsively. While they are perhaps best known for their task of ticketing vehicles, parking enforcement also resolves conflict and maintains a sense of safety for those making their way to their cars.

Security Guard Using Walkie-talkie

 Loss Prevention

 

These security guards are most often found in malls or other retail establishments. Loss prevention security guards will walk the floor of the business, keeping an eye out for suspicious behaviour. They are also trained in stopping and arresting shoplifters or those committing other criminal activity.

 

Private Investigation

 

Private investigators can be hired onto cases regarding intellectual property, theft, fraud, security audits, and other corporate matters when it comes to the corporate world. Reputable investigators value discretion, respect, and professionalism when interacting with their clients, and ensure their conduct is ethical.

 

No matter your company, there is sure to be a type of security guard that will fit your requirements and give you the confidence that your investments and being well protected.

 

Since 2006, Intercept Security Services (ISS Security) has provided companies in Western Canada with a complete security solution. We have a range of security guard services that companies can use to secure the safety of their establishments. All ISS security guards receive in-class training, specific site training that better prepares them, and are trained to respond to all types of situations. We work to establish long and fruitful client relationships thanks to our beliefs in trust, integrity, straight-forward communication and meeting the needs of our clients. For the best security guard services in Calgary, Edmonton and the whole of Alberta, call our general number on 1-(855)-543-8477 or email us at [email protected].